Mapping delineation and demarcation of the hazard lines
The Threat of coastal hazards on livelihood security and development is increasing. Indian coast is subject to severe weather events, such as cyclone, storms, surges inflicting great loss of lives and property. Mapping, delineation, demarcation of hazard line will define the boundaries of the coastal zone in mainland India (which in turn will establish planning boundaries of the state/local ICZM plans) and will incorporate the effects of recurrent coastal hazards, including potential incremental effects induced by climate change within the ICZM plans.
Mapping and Delineation of coastal sediment cells all along the mainland coast of India
Sediment cell act as a self-contained unit so that any development within the sedimented cell will have a minimal impact on areas outside its boundaries. Mapping and delineation of coastal sediment cells and sub-cells have been undertaken to determine the lateral boundaries of individual ICZM plans.
Mapping, delineation and demarcation of Environmentally Sensitive Areas (ESA)
Ecologically Sensitive Areas along the coastal and in the marine areas are extremely important to maintain the biodiversity of the marine life and to maintain the functional integrity of the coast. To conserve and protect ESAs, MoEF&CC has notified as CRZ-I Area through CRZ Notification 2011 and IPZ Notification 2011. For this purpose, under ICZM Project, all ESAs have been mapped and delineated. Total of 893 patches of ESAs was identified and detailed field study undertaken for conservation measures.
Under ESA component, SICOM is implementing two projects:
- The Green Action for National Dandi Heritage Initiative (GANDHI) Memorial Project in Dandi village of Navsari District Gujarat, and
- Vedaranyam village of Nagapattinam district of Tamil Nadu State.
G.A.N.D.H.I. Project: The Green Action for National Dandi Heritage Initiatives [GANDHI] project is implementing in Dandi village and surrounding five villages i.e. Serampore, Onjal, Meatwad, Sultanpur & Aat, as these have been designated as an Eco Sensitive Area (ESA) under the Environment (Protection) Act 1986, to be enhanced and developed as a Gandhi Memorial. This project is envisioned with the aim to promote Gandhian thoughts for protection of natural resources and cultural heritage along with the socio-economic upliftment of the local communities. Under this project, conservation and protection-based activities like mangrove plantation, shelterbelt plantation, beach cleaning, sanitation management, restructure and restoration of existing water ponds and community mobilization has been carried out. As per the ESA Notification, the consultancy for the Preparation and Implementation Support for the Integrated Development Plan for the Eco-sensitive Zone is awarded. This component is being implemented by Gujarat Ecology Commission (GEC), Gandhinagar Gujarat.
Sea Water as a Social Resource-Vedaranyam Salt Satyagraha Memorial: Vedaranyam is a coastal block of Nagapattinam district in Tamil Nadu State which inhabitants the critical ecosystems like the wetland, swamp and small lagoon which harbors habitats like the salt marsh, seaweeds, mangroves. Around 55 villages come under this taluk whereas the community depends on fishing, agriculture, shrimp farming and salt production. In this sector, the ecosystem-derived livelihood is the coastal aquaculture activities which have also been plagued with environmental and social problems. To enhance national capacity and action to integrate ecological security of the coastal areas and livelihood security of the coastal community, the Vedaranyam is selected as project area under the ICZM Project. The activities like community mobilization, exposure visits, Participatory Rural Appraisal, establishing of Village Development Council (VDC) and restoration of water bodies, the habitat restoration through Mangrove plantation, Non mangrove plantation, restoration of salt marsh, establishment of genetic garden have been carried out. This component is being implemented through M.S.Swaminathan Research Foundation (M.S.S.R.F.) Chennai.
Capacity building of the MoEF&CC and the State Coastal Zone Management Authorities, and Nation-wide training program for coastal zone management.
Setting up of a National Centre for Sustainable Coastal Management (NCSCM)
To establish one world-class Institute to support the Ministry and Environment, forests and climate change, State Governments, Institutions, organizations and public for efficient coastal management.